Justice is served.
Do you know what the phrase means and how it is done in India?
The phrase is used when a case in the court or other wise called a law suit reaches it’s conclusion and a judge gives a just verdict. There’s what happens.
When a case is filed in the court and the judges announce their decision, the person in whose favour the decision is, wins the case and the other party faces consequences.
Sounds simple, but the structure of courts in India isn’t that simple.
Do you know that a court takes 6 months to 3 years to give a decision?
A court case in India often goes through the 3-level structure of the judiciary. Let us see what the 3-level structure of Indian courts is.
This is the formation of courts in India, from bottom to top:
Level 3- District Level- Subordinate or District Courts
At the lowest level are the Subordinate or District courts.
A big state is divided into small districts or towns.
Every tehsil or district is managed by a District Judge.
Once an FIR (First Information Report) is lodged, the case goes to the district court first.
If any one of the parties is unhappy with the judgement, they can appeal to the higher court. This is called the ‘appellate system’ of the Indian judiciary.
Level 2- State Level- High Court
Above the district court is the High court. Do you know that there are 25 High courts in India? Every state has a High Court at the highest level. Some states share their High Courts. Chandigarh High court is shared by Punjab and Haryana. If someone thinks that the High court didn’t give them justice, they can appeal to the higher court.
Level 1- Apex Level- Supreme Court
The Supreme court of India is at the top of the structure. That’s why the Supreme Court is called the apex court of India. Do you know there is only one Supreme court in India? It is in New Delhi. If a person thinks the judgement of the High Court is unfair, they can appeal to the supreme court. This is the last level of justice. The decision of the supreme court is final and is taken by the Chief Justice of India.
Isn’t the 3-level Indian judicial system unique? Think of it as a pyramid. Here is the pyramidical structure of courts in India.
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