‘Do you prefer rice or roti?’, your mom might ask you. This is a common question in every Indian household.
Do you know that these 2 are made of the two major food crops in India?
These 2 crops are rice and wheat.
India is the second-largest producer of rice and wheat in the world. Can you look up the first one?
You cannot even count the tons of rice and wheat that are produced in India.
Here are the top facts about rice and wheat that will improve your general knowledge.
Rice is the most grown food crop in India.
Not just in India, rice is an important food crop throughout the world. All tropical and subtropical countries grow rice. India, Japan, China, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Egypt are rice producers. Japanese Sushi, Indian Biryani, Dosa, and Spanish Paella are rice dishes that have gained popularity across the globe. You can now imagine how important rice is.
What types of soil and climate are necessary to grow rice?
We need high humidity, rainfall, and a temperature above 25 degrees Celsius. The Alluvial soil near river banks and surface water is the best to grow rice.
Do you know the top rice-producing states in India?
They are West Bengal, Assam, Orissa, Kerala, and Andhra Pradesh.
Wheat- the second most grown food crop in India:
The second most important major crop grown in the world is wheat. Can you guess why?
Most of our staple food is made from wheat. Bread, cake, noodles, cookies, and not to forget, your favorite pasta and pizza- are all made from wheat or its by-products. That’s why India, China, USA, Canada, and Russia grow wheat crops in bulk.
We grow wheat in the following soil and climate:
Wheat grows best in a mixture of three soils- sand, clay soil, and silt, also called Loam soil. Farmers sow wheat crops during the winter season when the temperature is below 15 degrees Celsius. Wheat doesn’t need much rainfall or humidity. But while harvesting, the wheat crop requires bright sun and hot weather.
Which are the top wheat-producing states in India?
Uttar Pradesh, Punjab, and Haryana.
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